Integrated Pest Management
Chlorpyrifos is often used as part of an Integrated Pest Management program. The goal of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programs is to sustainably manage insect, weed, and disease (pathogen) pests in an environmentally sensitive way that also protects human health and the economic viability of farms.
“[Chlorpyrifos] has become 1) the most widely used and effective insecticide against soybean aphid that is not a pyrethroid, 2) one of only two materials that growers can use against two spotted spidermite, and 3) the only insecticide that can be used effectively in a field if both of these serious pests are causing a problem at the same time.”
Chlorpyrifos’ broad-spectrum effectiveness on target pests, flexibility for use in multiple delivery systems, and relatively short persistence has resulted in its adoption in integrated pest management programs (IPMs) in cropping systems around the world. Despite its extensive use for over 40 years there have been few instances of significant resistance by pests. Chlorpyrifos is a reliable rotation partner in insect resistance management programs that helps preserve the long-term effectiveness of insecticides with other modes of action. All of this contributes to reduced use of other pesticides, such as pyrethroids, which may be more harmful to beneficial insects. And this can lead to reduced farming costs, and allow growers to keep the cost of the produce lower, and a sustainable food supply.
Resources for further discovery:
- EPA’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Principles
- CropLife America Perspectives and Resources on IPM
- Use and Benefits of Chlorpyrifos in Agriculture (2016)
- USDA’s Biological and Economic Analysis of Chlorpyrifos Uses in Agriculture (1994)
As with any pesticide product, labeling strictly regulates how and when products may be used for effective pest management. Labeling also spells out any required or recommended precautions or practices to be employed for ensuring human and environmental protection. Labeling content is rigorously reviewed and subject to approval by both EPA and responsible state agencies before it may be used. Chlorpyrifos labeling has evolved over decades of use, refining how and when chlorpyrifos is applied to field crops, fruit trees, and vegetables.
For information about approved uses, application practices, and requirements for human and environmental protection, view chlorpyrifos product labels .